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Source: BUS Sachsen-Anhalt (Linie6PLus)

Calculate and pay energy tax


The energy tax is a consumption tax. It is levied on energy products.

Energy products are, for example

  • gasoline
  • heating oil
  • liquefied petroleum gas
  • natural gas
  • coal

The amount of tax depends on the type and quantity of energy products, i.e. the taxable item. The calculation of the tax also depends on the nature of the energy products and how you use them.

The energy tax is a self-assessment tax. This means that if you have to pay the tax as the tax debtor, you must submit a tax return to the relevant main customs office without being asked to do so and calculate the energy tax yourself. This is known as a tax declaration.

You may manufacture, process, store, receive or dispatch energy products in a so-called tax warehouse without first incurring tax. A tax warehouse is a manufacturing plant or warehouse and must be approved by the main customs office.

As a rule, tax is incurred as soon as the energy product is removed from the tax warehouse or withdrawn for consumption within the tax warehouse.

Special features:

You must also pay the tax if you

  • use energy products for motorized purposes (e.g. use of heating oil as fuel) or use them as heating fuel, contrary to their originally intended purpose,
  • manufacture energy products outside the tax warehouse and no tax exemption follows, or
  • hold, supply, carry or use labeled energy products (heating oil) as fuel.

You must pay energy tax if the tax has arisen and you are liable to pay the tax within the meaning of the law. This can be the case in various constellations, for example if:

  • You are the owner of a tax warehouse from which the products were withdrawn or consumed,
  • as a "registered consignee", you are authorized to receive energy products for commercial purposes, for example, and take products into your business that were withdrawn under suspension of excise duty,
  • you were involved in production outside the tax warehouse,
  • you have held, supplied, carried or used energy products containing authorized tracers (heating oil) as fuel, or
  • you were involved in irregularities during transportation during which the tax was suspended.
  • You only submit the form for your energy tax:
    • Energy tax declaration without heating fuels, natural gas and coal (form 1100),
    • Energy tax declaration for heating fuels without natural gas and coal (form 1101),
    • Energy tax return for natural gas (form 1103) or
    • Energy tax return for coal (form 1104)

There are no costs for you.

Depending on when you submit the energy tax return, you must observe different deadlines:

  • for withdrawals from a tax warehouse: by the 15th day of the month following the month in which the tax arises.
  • if the tax arose between December 1 and 18, by December 22. Does not apply to companies that paid less than 60 million euros in energy tax in the previous calendar year.
  • if the tax was incurred between December 19 and 31, by January 15 of the following year.
  • for production outside the tax warehouse: immediately.
  • in other cases: as a rule, immediately.

Processing usually takes between 1 day and 3 months.

  • Appeal
  • Action before the tax court


  • Energy tax registration without heating fuels, natural gas and coal,
  • Energy tax registration for heating fuels without natural gas and coal,
  • Energy tax registration natural gas or
  • Energy tax registration for coal

can be completed online in the "Energy and electricity tax (IVVA)" service in the customs portal. Alternatively, you can also submit the required documents in writing.

Online registration:

Go to the website www.zoll-portal.de.

  • Register once for the "Energy and electricity tax (IVVA)" service with a user or company account.
  • Prove your identity with an ELSTER account or digital ID card.
  • Complete the form and send it off directly.
  • Your main customs office will check the information you have provided.
  • If no objections are found, you must pay the tax calculated in the tax return itself by the due date without any further request.
  • If objections are found, you will usually receive a tax assessment notice with a payment deadline.

Written registration:

  • Complete the form digitally, print it out and send it by post to your local main customs office.
  • The next steps are the same as for online registration

There are no indications or special features.

Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF)

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

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