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Source: BUS Sachsen-Anhalt (Linie6PLus)

Apply for a residence permit for self-employed persons who have completed their studies or work as scientists or researchers


If you have successfully completed your studies at a state or state-recognized university or comparable training institution in Germany or have a residence permit as a researcher or scientist, you can apply for a residence permit to pursue a self-employed activity.

A prerequisite for university graduates is the successful completion of their studies, which enables them to pursue a self-employed activity. Your intended self-employment must therefore be related to the knowledge you have acquired in higher education.

If you are in possession of a residence permit as a researcher or scientist, the intended self-employment must show a connection with your previous activity as a researcher or scientist.

A residence permit for the purpose of self-employment is a temporary residence permit. It shall be granted for a maximum of three years and may be extended.

  • Find out whether your immigration office makes it possible to apply online or provides a special application form.
  • If the application is only possible in person, make an appointment at the Foreigners' Registration Office. In the case of online applications, the Foreigners' Registration Office will contact you upon receipt of your application to make an appointment.
  • During the appointment, your identity and your documents will be checked (please bring your documents, if possible in the original, to the appointment).
  • If your application is granted, your fingerprints will be taken for the production of a new electronic residence permit (eATCard). The Foreigners' Registration Office commissions Bundesdruckerei to produce the eAT card. After completion, you will receive information and can pick up the residence permit at the responsible office. The eAT card must always be collected in person.
  • If your application is rejected, you will receive a rejection notice.

The immigration authority responsible for the place of residence of the applicant is responsible.

  • You have a recognized and valid identity document (for example, passport or passport replacement) and, if necessary for entry - a dedicated visa.
  • You want to pursue a self-employed, freelance activity in Germany.
  • You can secure your livelihood and health insurance coverage without using public benefits.
  • If you have reached the age of 45: You can prove that you have adequate old-age security.
  • There is no interest in expulsion against you.

Your stay does not endanger or adversely affect the interests of the Federal Republic of Germany.

  • Recognized and valid identity document (e.g. passport or passport replacement)
  • Visa, if required for entry
  • Current biometric photo in passport format (45 x 35 mm)
  • For university graduates: Proof of completion at a state-recognised university or comparable training institution in Germany
  • For scientists and researchers: previous employment contract
  • Proof of livelihood security (e.g. equity, blocked account, declaration of commitment)
  • Proof of health insurance coverage
  • Current registration certificate
  • After the age of 45: Proof of adequate retirement provision (e.g. proof of own assets, acquired pension rights, business assets)

In individual cases, the Foreigners' Registration Office may require less or more evidence.

Fee 100 EUR


Additional fees may apply for the issuance of the residence permit in the form of the electronic residence permit, which can also be used as electronic proof of identity.

maximum 3

Remark (for further information on the deadline): At the latest 8 before the expiry of your still valid visa or residence permit, the application should be received by the Foreigners' Registration Office

approx. 8 weeks

Note for further information on the processing time:

The production of the electronic residence permit by Bundesdruckerei takes about 4 to 6 weeks.

  • Appeal against the decision of the Foreigners' Registration Office
  • Action before the court referred to in the notice of opposition if the opposition is not complied with

Forms available: No

Written form required: Yes

Informal application possible: No

Personal appearance required: Yes

  • The issuance of the residence permit is at the discretion of the Foreigners' Registration Office.
  • Self-employment is any self-employed, permitted, profit-making and long-term activity, unless it is an employment relationship.
  • Scientists are persons who belong to the scientific world, i.e. essentially the scientific staff of universities and research institutions. Researchers also fall under the concept of the scientist.
  • Holders of the residence permit can already obtain a permanent right of residence (settlement permit) after three years of successful self-employment under simplified conditions.

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Ministry of the Interior and Municipal Affairs of the State of Brandenburg

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