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Source: BUS Sachsen-Anhalt (Linie6PLus)

Applying for expropriation proceedings

Description

Expropriation is a form of state access to land or rights to the land. For many public tasks, e.g. construction of roads or power supply lines, private land is required to carry out the measure. If an amicable settlement is not possible and the planned project therefore threatens to fail, various laws provide for expropriation.

Expropriation interferes with the fundamental right to property. Therefore, expropriation is only permissible if the land is absolutely necessary for the realization of a project. The project must serve the common good (e.g. road construction, energy supply). Expropriation may only take place against appropriate compensation.

Expropriation is preceded by the expropriation procedure. It is regularly initiated by an application with justification from the authority that wants to carry out the expropriation. The parties involved in the proceedings are applicants, property owners and all persons who have a right to the land to be expropriated. All interested parties shall be heard. In an oral hearing, an attempt is made to reach an agreement on the sale of the land. If this fails, the competent authority shall issue an expropriation order. In it, it regulates the change in the law (including transfer of ownership) and compensation. If the owner does not agree with the decision or with the amount of compensation, he can contest the legal process.

With an implementing order, the expropriation authority initiates the entry of the change of law in the land register at the competent land registry office.

Contact the State Administration Office.

Expropriation is only permitted on a legal basis and solely for the benefit of the general public.

Expropriation may only be pronounced against compensation. This is usually done in money, exceptionally the granting of replacement land is possible. The compensation for land is calculated according to its market value. As a rule, valuation reports of the expert committees are used to determine this. If there are plants or growth on the land, additional valuation reports, e.g. from agricultural experts, may be required.

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Ministry of Justice Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

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