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Source: BUS Sachsen-Anhalt (Linie6PLus)

Avian flu

Description

Responsibility for reporting dead birds

The addressee for the notification of dead and diseased birds (wild birds and domestic poultry) is the relevant veterinary offices. Finding a dead bird in the field and forest is one of the normal processes of life, only when several birds have died at a site makes sense to inform the Veterinary Office.

Behaviour in case of suspected avian influenza (in animals and humans)

The competent veterinary offices shall be informed immediately in case of suspected avian influenza in wild birds and domestic poultry.

The lost animals should never be touched without a glove or a plastic bag put over the hand.

Dogs and cats must be denied access to diseased and dead birds. Cases of the disease are not yet known in them, but they can contribute to the spread of the pathogen.

The infection has started in the wild waterfowl on the Baltic Coast and lake Constance. Presumably the virus with the migratory birds came to us and then infected the native birds. Birds that survive the disease develop antibodies and are then harmless.

Danger to animals (domestic poultry)

The responsibility for domestic poultry lies with its keeper, he must inform the Veterinary Office in case of suspicion of an epidemic.

There is always a danger for domestic poultry if direct (wild birds eat with) or indirect contacts arise from transmission mainly of feces and feathers between wild and domestic poultry.

All domestic poultry species except pigeons are at risk of becoming infected with the H5N8 virus. In the wild birds, ducks and geese are initially sickened, but now the virus is also found in gulls and birds of prey because they have eaten dead animals.

Cases of the disease in mammals have not yet been detected.

Danger to people

Human diseases with the current h5N8 virus have not yet been detected and have not yet been reported worldwide. A danger to humans is therefore considered to be low. Nevertheless, all hygiene and biosecurity measures when dealing with birds, poultry and poultry meat must be fully observed, as poultry can also carry other pathogens.

Precautionary measures

Poultry keepers can protect their animals by avoiding contact with wild birds for themselves and their animals. The Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI) has published a leaflet containing information on the necessary hygiene measures and recommended to every poultry farmer.

Poultry farmers are subject to the provisions of the Avian Influenza Regulation. And the emergency ordinance of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture (BMEL) of 18 November 2016. This Regulation is specifically addressed to poultry farmers with fewer than 1,000 animals. It requires that the poultry sheds be secured so that unauthorised persons cannot enter and that the keeper wear protective clothing intended only for the barn.

Dogs and cats should not be left in poultry sheds at this time.

Dealing with poultry meat

Meat from animals that are sick or suspected of being infected is not placed on the market, but is destroyed.

But poultry meat from healthy animals can also be contaminated with bacterial or viral pathogens. Therefore, when processing poultry meat, the known hygiene measures must always be observed: the meat must in particular be processed separately from other foods and must be completely heated. equipment (e.B. Plates, knives, cutting boards) that have come into contact with raw poultry meat must be washed off and dried before they are used for other foods.

The Federal Ministry of Agriculture (BMEL) and the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI) provide detailed information on their websites.

A map of the outbreaks of avian influenza is constantly being kept up-to-date. The leaflet for poultry farmers can be found there as well as a risk assessment.

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

The text was automatically translated based on the German content.

Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture

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